Maxwell equations. Constitutive relations of the medium. SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Determination of the dielectric constant of samples under test". Initial and boundary conditions. SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Testing the law of power decrease (in anechoic chamber)". Classification of electromagnetic problems. Energy theorems (time domain). Uniqueness theorem (time domain).
Plane waves: plane waves in dissipative media, plane waves in anisotropic media. Plane waves at the discontinuity: spatial discontinuities, temporal discontinuities, lossy media, guided waves. SW exercise: "FDTD analysis of electromagnetic phenomena related to the incidence of an em wave on a metallic plane".
Vector wave equation. D'Alembert vector equation. Helmholtz equation. Wave functions. Propagation of plane waves. Polarization states. Secondary constants of the medium. Spectrum of plane waves. Guided propagation: (a) normal incidence on flat interface (dielectric-dielectric, dielectric-conductor, (b) oblique incidence on dielectric half-space. SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Analysis of the interference pattern caused by reflections from a metallic plane".
Elementary theory of the transmission lines. Characteristic equations of the transmission lines (time domain). Propagation of a signal along a uniform transmission line (time domain). Telegraph equation. Solution of the transmission lines equations (phasor domain). SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Measurement of the wavelength with a slotted line". Impedance, admittance and reflection coefficients. SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Impedance measurement with a slotted line". Definition of standing wave. Diagram of standing wave. Voltage standing wave ratio. SW/HW-emulator exercise: "Measurement of the reflection coefficient and of the VSWR with a slotted line". Using the formalism of the transmission lines for the study of the reflection of uniform plane waves. Smith chart. SW exercise: "Using the Smith chart (SW SMITHPRO program)".